children's rights violations in china

All forms of slavery or practices similar to slavery. (Paragraph 37)In line with its general comments No. It is specifically concerned about: The Government indicated that in 2006 the Compulsory Education Law was revised to provide that, “[l]ocal governments shall provide equal access to compulsory education for school-aged children living with their parents or guardians who are working or residing in places other than their registered permanent residences”, following which localities established basic regimes to ensure access to compulsory education for migrant children. The Committee also expresses concern that the continued criminalisation of prostitution has a disproportionate impact on prostitutes rather than on the prosecution and punishment of pimps and traffickers. The Committee is also of the view that the "Diligent Work and Economical Study" (qingong jianxue) programme for schoolchildren constitutes exploitative child labour, in contradiction of the provisions of articles 6 and 7 of the Covenant, and Convention No. In July, Wang was finally allowed to meet his lawyer for the first time. The Committee also notes the Government’s indication that it engages in the monitoring of provinces, cities and counties to review the effect given to the policies exempting students from tuition and incidental fees (in both rural and urban areas). One of the main problems is that only Chinese is spoken and taught in the classroom, not the ethnic minorities’ languages. Approximately 4.2 million children are classified as living in extreme poverty, in addition, it is estimated that nearly 9 million children are “disadvantaged”. The Committee is concerned about the problem of the sale of women and girl children and of the abandonment of elderly women. In this regard, the Committee notes that phase II of the CP-TING Project was launched on 17 March 2010. Child Rights Coalition Asia (CRC Asia) is a network of child rights organizations working together to be a strong voice for and with children in the region. [The Committee] further recommends that [the State party]: (e) Ensure that children can exercise their right to legal aid directly, and address disparities in access to justice by enhancing the quality and accessibility of legal aid to all children, including those in situations of vulnerability, such as children of migrant workers and ethnic minorities and children from religious communities. It is further concerned about: (a) The quality of education throughout mainland China, affecting students’ repetition and retention and high drop-out rates for lower secondary school especially in a number of southern provinces;(b) Inadequate sanitation and hygiene, poor school infrastructure and physical safety for children in schools;(c) The lack of measures to promote the use and learning of mother-tongue and minority languages in the context of the bilingual education policy and discrimination against Tibetan and Uyghur children and children of migrant workers within the Chinese education system;(d) The multiple barriers in the use and promotion of the Tibetan language in schools in the Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR) of China and reports of closure of schools and detention of teachers;(e) The prohibition of admission of children of an “evil cult” to educational institutions, as stipulated in Article 10 of the 2013 regulation on “Admission Requirements for Universities and Colleges,” which prevents children of Falun Gong practitioners, among others, from obtaining college education; and(f) The quality and reliability of education data throughout the country. Programmes of action to eliminate the worst forms of child labour. , _________________________________________________________________Forced abortions and sterilisationsUN Committee on the Rights of the Child (Concluding Observations, October 2013), The Committee is disturbed by reports of forced sterilisation and abortions in mainland China targeting, among others, teenage girls, carried out by local family planning officials in the context of implementation of mainland China's ‘One-Child Policy,’ practices which contravene the fundamental principles and provisions in the Convention.The Committee recommends mainland China to promptly and independenly investigate and publicly report all incidents of forced abortions and forced sterilisation of teenage girls by local authorities, and prosecute all officials responsible for such crimes. Collaboration in the process of implementation with civil society including children, 5. 182)Published: 2011 In its previous comments, the Committee noted the ITUC’s allegations that, according to the hukou system (household registration), migrant workers’ children, who travel with their parents to a city where they have no right to register as permanent residents, are not allowed access to schooling provided by the local governments. Penalties. Killing of children with disabilities, including intellectual disabilities The Committee is also concerned at the lack of reliable information, including statistics, on the extent of the problem of sexual exploitation of women and children in the State party, including prostitution, sale and trafficking in persons. It is further concerned about: Moreover, many primary schools are totally under-equipped in China, lacking equipment and qualified personnel. 2. (Paragraph 19).The Committee recommends that the State party increase its efforts to combat all forms of trafficking in women and girls. (Paragraph 5)._________________________________________________________________Discrimination against children with disabilitiesUN Committee on the Rights of the Child (Concluding Observations, October 2013). In addition, the Ministry of Justice promulgated the “Regulations on the administration of juvenile delinquent rehabilitation institutions” which provide that children under the age of 16 are exempt from participation in productive labour. Nonetheless, the ITUC states that, according to statistics from the China Education and Research Network, the number of overall primary schools has decreased, as has enrolment at both the primary and secondary levels. The Committee notes as positive the ‘Care for Girls’ campaign to change traditional preferences for boys and promote greater recognition of the value of girls in mainland China. The Government further states that juveniles are housed separately from adult inmates, in reformatories that attend to the psychological and physiological needs of the minors and that all provinces have established separate juvenile delinquent rehabilitation institutions, which provide classroom education, psychological services, vocational and technical education (following the completion of compulsory schooling) and family visits. (Paragraphs 19 and 20)_________________________________________________________________Administrative detention of childrenUN Committee on the Rights of the Child (Concluding Observations, October 2013). In this regard, it requests the Government to provide information on the number of persons (including governmental officials) investigated, convicted and sentenced for cases of trafficking involving victims under the age of 18, and the penal sanctions imposed. (a )Ensure that all the offences referred to in article 3, paragraph 1 of the Optional Protocol are fully covered under the Penal Code, whether such offences are committed domestically or transnationally or on an individual or organised basis, paying particular attention to the sale and trafficking of children for the purpose of adoption; and(b) Establish extraterritorial jurisdiction over the offences referred to in article 3, paragraph 1, in conformity with article 4, paragraph 2 of the Optional Protocol; and abolish the requirement of double criminality for the prosecution on the Mainland of offences committed abroad;(c) Consider the Optional Protocol as a legal basis for extradition in respect of such offences. The Government indicated that, since 2006, the juvenile delinquent rehabilitation institutions have made efforts to increasingly conduct teaching in a classroom format and enhance training in vocational skills. (Paragraphs 13 and 14) There are multiple reasons whcih lead families to leave their children so early (poverty, historical reasons, etc…) but it is certain that the right of children to choose this life or to talk about this choice is largely ignored. Trafficked children are often subjected to violence, abuse and other human rights violations. This system controls the number of births, launched in 1979 by the Government to regulate the country’s demography, favors couples limiting themselves to have only one child by offering all kinds of benefits  (Housing, education, health…). Accordingly, the Committee strongly urges the Government to take immediate and effective measures to ensure that children under 18 years of age are not, under any circumstance, forced to work within the framework of re-education through labour programmes or work–study programmes. (Paragraph 23). The conditions of juvenile detention are criticized by NGOs involved in this area because youth are often detained in the same prisons as adults without any separation contrary to what is provided in the CRC (Convention on the Rights of the Child). In September 2019, China Labor Watch released a report revealing numerous labour rights violations at the Zhengzhou Foxconn factory, the largest iPhone factory in the world. (rejected)_________________________________________________________________Child labour, including the worst forms of child labourUN Convention on the Rights of the Child (Concluding Observations, October 2013). Lastly, the Committee notes the information in the compilation report of 16 December 2008 prepared by the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights for the Universal Periodic Review of China that the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women, the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and the Committee on the Rights of the Child each called upon China to eliminate all miscellaneous and other “hidden” fees for primary education (A/HRC/WG.6/4/CHN/2, paragraph 38). Moreover, they are victims of widespread discrimination because of their poverty and, sometimes, difficulty in learning another dialect. (Paragraph 29). Note: this report is primarily concerned with mainland China. “We are dismayed at China’s efforts … While the Committee notes the significant achievements made by mainland China in education, including the expansion of early childhood care and education, it is concerned about the increasing disparities in access to and availability of education for children living in rural areas and especially for children from ethnic minorities, asylum seeking and refugee children, children of North Korean mothers and migrant workers. Nonetheless, the ITUC states that, according to statistics from the China Education and Research Network, the number of overall primary schools has decreased, as has enrolment at both the primary and secondary levels. In addition, the ITUC communication indicates that the corruption of officials, and their collusion with criminal groups (despite anti-corruption measures taken) has severely hindered anti-trafficking efforts.The Committee notes the information in the Government’s report that between June 2008 and May 2010, courts at all levels sentenced 5,308 persons in 3,266 cases for trafficking in women and children, and 217 persons in 137 cases for buying trafficked women and children. … China 's human rights of childrenUN Committee on the rights of women and violate human! Children were enrolled in public schools Orange level: Noticeable problems, population: 1,35 billion.! Including radio, television and print, and the corresponding increase in drop-outs, and on the achieved. Click according to your country of residence February, President Xi Jinping emphasized that the Government does provide... While boys may be forced to close Virtual Event ] Launch of the Project. 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